Δευτέρα, 7 Ιουνίου 2021

Arum italicum Mill.

Οικογένεια: Αροίδες

Arum italicum Mill.
Tuber rhizomatous, horizontal, 4–7 × 1.5–3 cm. Peduncle much shorter than leaves. Inflorescence smelling of stale urine or sometimes with a more pleasant, fruity scent. Spathe pale greenish on both sides; tube broadly cylindrical, c. half as long as limb; the latter ovate-acuminate. Total length of spadix (stipe + appendix) 6–13 cm, with dark yellow, cylindrical appendix about as long as pale yellow stipe. Female flowers cream, the male yellow. Pistillodes and staminodes extended into filiform bristles. Lower sterile zone (between female and male flowers) 3–7 mm; upper sterile zone (between male flowers and appendix) 3.5–6 mm.
Περισσότερες πληροφορίες στα Χλωρίδα μας, Φυτολόγιο, greekflora.grFlora of Greece.
Arum italicum

Arum italicum

Arum italicum

Arum italicum


Limonium corinthiacum (Boiss. & Heldr.) Kuntze

 Οικογένεια: Plumbaginaceae

Limonium corinthiacum (Boiss. & Heldr.) Kuntze
Οι Erben & Brullo στη μελέτη τους έχουν περιγράψει 85 είδη Limonium στην Ελλάδα, τα περισσότερα ενδημικά. Ανήκει στο Limonium ocymifolium group ― The species of this group are characterized by having green, smooth to scabrous stems and leaves. The leaves are fleshy and broadly spathulate. The stems have few or no sterile branches. The inflorescences are rigid (not fragile) with spikelets arranged in dense to lax spikes. The inner bracts are variable in length (2.8–5.5 mm). The karyological examination of the species revealed them as apomictic, with Phytotaxa 240 (1) © LIMONIUM (PLUMBAGINACEAE) 2016 Magnolia Press • 15 chromosome complements of 2n = 27, 34 or 43. This is a small but taxonomically significant group of species, whose distribution ranges are well documented. L. ocymifolium occurrs on Milos, Sifnos and Sikinos, L. corinthiacum near Korinthos, L. aphroditae is found on Kythira, L. helenae on Chios and Psara, L. isidorum on Samos, and L. archaeothirae on Thira. In contrast, L. aucheri is widely distributed, occurring on numerous central and southern Aegean Islands.
Plant perennial, glabrous, forming a sub-shrub 15–45 cm tall, with several ascending to erect stems and a robust tap-root. Caudices 1–5 cm long, branched; living leaves in rosettes at apices. Leaves fleshy, greyglaucous, flat, smooth, 15–70 mm long and 4–15 mm broad, spathulate, apex obtuse to round, mucronulate, normally with one central nerve, gradually tapering into the petiole. Stems 12–42 cm long, slightly flexuous, smooth, branching mostly begins above the lower third of the stems. Sterile branches mostly absent. Fertile branches 2–15 cm long, slightly arched to straight, directed obliquely upwards, forming branching angles of 30°–50°, branched in the upper half. Inflorescence obtrullate in outline. Spikes 7–20 mm long, straight to slightly arched, directed obliquely upwards to spreading. Spikelets 4.5–5.3 mm long, composed of 1–4 flowers, densely arranged with 5–7 per cm, laterally slightly curved near the base. Outer bract 1.4–2.0 mm long and 1.7–1.9 mm broad, triangular-ovate, acute; bract margin broadly membranous; central part slightly fleshy, sometimes only at the base, acuminate. Middle bract membranous, 1.6–2.0 mm long and 1.2–1.3 mm broad, elliptic, rounded. Inner bract 3.7–4.0 mm long and 2.9–3.2 mm broad, obovate, rounded; bract margin broadly membranous; central part fleshy, 2.5–3.0 mm long and 1.7–2.0 mm broad, oblong, acuminate, forming a triangular tip, 0.6–0.8 mm long, not reaching the upper margin. Calyx 3.8–4.2 mm long, exceeding the inner bract by 1.0–1.2 mm; calyx tube more or less sparsely long hairy, with 5 ribs ending at the base of lobes; calyx lobes c. 0.4 × 0.7 mm, semi-elliptic. Corolla lilac.
Το ξεχωρίσαμε λόγω του μεγέθους του (ύψος 15-20 εκ), της πρόωρης άνθησης (μέσα Μαίου ενώ τα άλλα ξεκινάνε απο τέλη Ιούνη), και των φύλλων. Η επιβεβαίωση της αναγνώρισης απο τον Στάθη Αποστολόπουλο, μελετητή του γένους στην Ελλάδα. Κινδυνεύον ενδημικό, μόνο σε Στερεά και Πελοπόννησο. Περισσότερες πληροφορίες στη ΦυτολόγιοFlora of Greece.
Limonium corinthiacum 

Limonium corinthiacum 

Limonium corinthiacum 

Limonium corinthiacum 


Morus alba L. (Μουριά)

 Οικογένεια: Μορείδες

Morus alba L.
of Asiatic origin, are commonly cultivated for their edible fruits and are occasionally naturalized in ravines and scrub along streams. They are deciduous trees with undivided, ovate leaves and male or female flowers in pendulous catkins. The fruit is a juicy, broadly cylindrical syncarp 2–2.5 cm.
Καλλιεργείται στην Ελλάδα απο παλιά για τα φρούτα του (μούρα) και σαν τροφή για την καλλιέργεια μεταξοσκώληκα. Εγκατεστημένος δραπέτης δηλαδή. Υπάρχουν κάποια αδέσποτα φυτά δίπλα σε ρέματα στον Κουβαρά και ένα φυτό βγήκε μόνο του στον κήπο χωρίς να υπάρχουν δίπλα άλλες μουριές. Ίσως απο σπόρους που μεταφέρονται με τα πουλιά. Περισσότερες πληροφορίες στα Χλωρίδα μας, Φυτολόγιο, greekflora.gr, Flora of Greece.
Morus alba

Morus alba (στο ρέμα)

Morus alba (μόνη της στον κήπο)



Frankenia corymbosa Desf.

 Οικογένεια: Frankeniaceae

Frankenia corymbosa Desf.
Resembling Frankenia hirsuta, but differing in the following characters: Stems ascending to erect; leaves with a whitish crust or powdery covering; calyx shorter (2–3.5 mm). 
O Strid αμφιβάλλει ως προς την ύπαρξή της στην Ελλάδα, το VPG το δίνει μόνο σε Κρήτη, Κάρπαθο, όμως εμείς βρήκαμε αρκετά φυτά με σαφώς διαφορετικούς χαρακτήρες και με κύριο γνώρισμα τους ανερχόμενους βλαστούς. Περισσότερες πληροφορίες στη Χλωρίδα μας, Φυτολόγιο, greekflora.gr, Flora of Greece.
Frankenia corymbosa

Frankenia corymbosa

Frankenia corymbosa

Frankenia corymbosa

Frankenia corymbosa


Δευτέρα, 26 Απριλίου 2021

Bupleurum trichopodum Boiss. & Spruner

 Οικογένεια: Απιίδες ή Σκιαδιοφόρα

Bupleurum trichopodum Boiss. & Spruner
Slender, delicate annual, usually 15–30 cm tall. Leaves linear, rather long, the uppermost amplexicaul. Peduncles filiform. Rays 2–6, subequal, filiform. Bracts 0–3, leaf-like, shorter than rays. Bractlets (2–)5, narrowly linear-lanceolate, extended into an awn, exceeding flowers. Fruit 2.5–3 mm, broadly ellipsoid, smooth except for narrow ridges.
Περισσότερες πληροφορίες στη Χλωρίδα μας, Φυτολόγιο, greekflora.grFlora of Greece.
Bupleurum trichopodum

Bupleurum trichopodum

Bupleurum trichopodum

Bupleurum trichopodum

Bupleurum trichopodum


Δευτέρα, 29 Μαρτίου 2021

Arabis verna (L.) R. Br.

 Οικογένεια: Βρασικίδες ή Σταυροφόρα

Arabis verna (L.) R. Br.
Annual, with a single or few, ascending to erect stems 4–15(–25) cm tall, with indumentum of predominantly simple hairs, sometimes mixed with 2–5-fid hairs. Basal leaves in a distinct rosette, broadly oblanceolate, serrate. Cauline leaves 1–3(–6), triangular-ovate, cordate to auriculate at base. Flowers 1–8. Petals large (6–10 mm), with purplish-violet limb and greenish-yellow claw. Fruiting pedicels short (1–6 mm), thickened, erecto-patent. Siliquae 35–70 × 1.3–2 mm, straight. Seeds 1–1.7 mm.
Περισσότερες πληροφορίες στη Χλωρίδα μας, Φυτολόγιο, greekflora.grFlora of Greece.

Arabis verna

Arabis verna

Arabis verna

 

Πέμπτη, 25 Μαρτίου 2021

Oxalis articulata Savigny

Οικογένεια: Oxalidaceae
Oxalis articulata Savigny
has been reported from scattered localities in Greece, including Lesvos, Evvia and W Kriti, but probably only as a casual escape. It is a rhizomatous, pink-flowered perennial native of South America and sometimes cultivated as an ornamental.

Μάλλον δραπέτης περισσότερο και όχι τόσο εγκατεστημένο. Περισσότερες πληροφορίες στη Χλωρίδα μας, Φυτολόγιοgreekflora.gr, Flora of Greece. 

Oxalis articulata

Oxalis articulata

Oxalis articulata

Oxalis articulata


Σάββατο, 6 Μαρτίου 2021

Juncus subulatus Forssk.

Οικογένεια: Juncaceae
Juncus subulatus Forssk.
Perennial with robust, creeping rhizome. Sheaths reddish-brown. Stems erect, 40–120 cm tall, 3–4 mm in diam., slightly striate, greyish-green. Cauline leaves resembling stems, not septate. Inflorescence rather lax, many-flowered; flowers solitary, each with 2 involucral bracteoles. Perianth segments 2.5–3.5 mm, subequal, pale greenish-brown, the outer shortly cuspidate, the inner acute with broad scarious margins. Capsule equalling perianth, ellipsoid-trigonous, subacute, brown and shiny.
Με εκτεταμένες αποικίες σε υγρά μέρη λόγω του ριζώματος που γεννά καινούργια φυτά παραδίπλα. Περισσότερες πληροφορίες στα Χλωρίδα μας, Φυτολόγιο, greekflora.gr, Flora of Greece.
Juncus subulatus

Juncus subulatus

Juncus subulatus

Juncus subulatus


Πέμπτη, 4 Μαρτίου 2021

Cymbalaria muralis G. Gaertn. & al.

Οικογένεια: Veronicaceae
Cymbalaria muralis G. Gaertn. & al.
Cymbalaria longipes: Slender, delicate perennial with much branched, trailing stems and stolons, forming loose mats on rock faces; whole plant sparsely villous. Leaves long-petiolate; blade up to 10 × 15 mm, reniform to suborbicular, cordate at base, shallowly 3(–5)-lobed, thin. Pedicels filiform, elongating and ± recurved in fruit. Calyx very small (1–1.5 mm), deeply lobed. Corolla c. 12 mm (incl. short, conical spur); upper lip with 2 erect, broadly oblong lobes; lower lip broad, deeply divided into 3 ovate lobes; ground colour usually pale lilac, with violet streaks at base of upper lip and orange-yellow boss on lower lip. Capsule subglobose, pubescent. Seeds 1.0–1.3 mm, variously sculptured.
Resembling C. longipes, but more robust; spur about as long as calyx; capsule glabrous; seeds separate at maturity.
Περισσότερες πληροφορίες στα Χλωρίδα μαςΦυτολόγιοgreekflora.grFlora of Greece.
Cymbalaria muralis

Cymbalaria muralis


Τετάρτη, 3 Μαρτίου 2021

Atriplex patula L.

 Οικογένεια: Αμαρανθίδες

Atriplex patula L.
Prostrate-spreading to erect, much-branched annual, 15–80 cm. Stem angular or ridged, with long internodes. Leaves opposite or alternate, the lower 3–10 cm, oblong to rhombic-hastate, cuneate at base, greyish-green to slightly glaucous, glabrous or thinly farinose; upper leaves oblong to narrowly lanceolate, entire. Inflorescence lax, paniculate. Bracteoles 3–5(–7) mm, connate for 1/4–1/2, rhombic-deltoid to suborbicular, entire or toothed, often with appendix, herbaceous to thick and fleshy, not indurate in fruit. Seed vertical, lenticular, c. 2 mm in diam., dark brown to black, shiny.
Περισσότερες πληροφορίες στα Χλωρίδα μας, Φυτολόγιο, greekflora.gr, Flora of Greece.
Atriplex patula 

Atriplex patula 

Atriplex patula 

Atriplex patula 

Τρίτη, 2 Μαρτίου 2021

Trifolium nigrescens Viv.

 Οικογένεια: Φαβίδες ή Χεδρωπά

Trifolium nigrescens Viv.
Glabrous to sparsely pubescent annual. Stems erect or ascending, often branched at base, 1–2(–3 mm) thick, 5–40 cm tall. Stipules oblong, free part abruptly contracted into a linear appendage. Leaflets of lower leaves obcordate, denticulate in upper half. Peduncles longer than subtending leaf. Flower heads 10–20 mm in diam., globose, lax. Pedicels deflexed in fruit. Calyx tube glabrous, 10-veined; teeth triangular-lanceolate, lower pair ± equalling tube. Corolla usually white, turning grey, thin and shrivelled in fruit. Style less than 1.5 times as long as ovary at anthesis, thin. Ovules (3–)4–6; seeds 3 or 4; legume shallowly constricted between the seeds. 
Περισσότερες πληροφορίες στα Χλωρίδα μας, Φυτολόγιοgreekflora.grFlora of Greece.
Trifolium nigrescens

Trifolium nigrescens

Trifolium nigrescens

Trifolium nigrescens

Κυριακή, 28 Φεβρουαρίου 2021

Medicago polymorpha L.

 Οικογένεια: Φαβίδες ή Χεδρωπά

Medicago polymorpha L.
Subglabrous annual; stems prostrate to ascending, 10–40 cm. Stipules laciniate. Leaflets obovate to obtriangular, glabrous above, sometimes thinly pilose beneath, serrate in front. Peduncles filiform, shorter than or equalling petiole of subtending leaf. Inflorescence 2–8-flowered, usually several fruits developing. Corolla 4–7 mm, pale yellow. Legume discoid to shortly cylindrical, usually 5–6 mm in diam. (not including spines), glabrous, with 2–5 rather lax coils; marginal and submarginal veins well developed, separated by a groove; surface of coils with a conspicuous network of raised veins; spines c. 2 mm, patent, often uncinate.
Περισσότερες πληροφορίες στα Χλωρίδα μαςΦυτολόγιοgreekflora.grFlora of Greece.
Medicago polymorpha

Medicago polymorpha

Medicago polymorpha

Medicago polymorpha


Σάββατο, 20 Φεβρουαρίου 2021

Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D.A. Webb (Αμυγδαλιά)

Οικογένεια: Ροδίδες

Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D.A. Webb συνώνυμο: Prunus amygdalus Batsch
Η κοινή-κοινότατη Αμυγδαλιά, με καταγωγή την Κεντρική και ΝΔ Ασία, καλλιεργείται ευρέως για τον πεντανόστιμο καρπό και συναντάται συχνά-πυκνά, αδέσποτη, πάντα δίπλα σε κατοικημένες περιοχές. Κάποιες ανθίζουν απο το Γενάρη και κάποιες αργότερα. Περισσότερες πληροφορίες στα Δρυάδες, Χλωρίδα μας, Φυτολόγιο, greekflora.grFlora of Greece.
Prunus dulcis

Prunus dulcis

Prunus dulcis

Prunus dulcis